This conference concludes the project Citizenship After Orientalism (Oecumene) funded by the European Research Council (ERC). Since January 2010, six postdoctoral researchers, two visiting postdoctoral fellows and three PhD students have conducted research on the vexed relationship between citizenship and orientalism and explored ways of rearticulating or reimagining this relationship. Drawing upon this research, this two-day conference presents 12 papers as statements on this vexed relation between citizenship and orientalism and provides a glimpse of how we might (and must) begin to think about it differently.
Critique of citizenship in liberal democracies over the last two decades has demonstrated that the abstract and ostensibly universal and secular figure of the citizen was in fact a projection of a male, propertied, white, heterosexual, able-bodied, Christian and Western figure. This critique also demonstrated that the challenge was not one of progressively including the subaltern figures such as women, blacks, queers, Muslims, and eventually non-Westerners into that figure through sexual citizenship, multicultural citizenship, or indigenous citizenship. Such assimilation meant that the subaltern figures could appear only through the qualities of the dominant figure of the citizen. It also meant that the logic of citizenship as a dividing practice remained intact.
‘Citizenship after orientalism (Oecumene)’ explored the possibilities of uncovering subaltern citizens and their acts and practices not with reference to the dominant figure of the citizen and its orientalizing perspective, but as a challenge to them. The project’s name plays on the etymology of the word Oecumene, which originally meant the inhabited world, separating it from ‘another’ world in ancient Greece. It then acquired a meaning that included other ‘worlds’, finally standing for the ‘whole’ world.
The project explored how the Arabic tradition of telling (humorous) tales produced political subjects (hakawatis); how Adivasis (indigenous people of India) have made claims to rights and how their claims spur acts of writing as acts of citizenship; how Gurus cultivate post-secular citizenship in India; and how Israel’s Zionist colonialism in Palestine is unsettling modern citizenship by spawning non-Zionist settler colonies. It also explored how the continuity between imperial and nation-state citizenship affected postcolonial conditions in Algeria and India; how orientalism plays a strategic role in curbing migrant activism in Europe; how gendered and sexual subjects are interpellated to exercise political agency in postcolonial Europe and India; how debt is reorganizing the geopolitics of Europe’s orientalism; how genealogies of multiculturalism point toward a continuous problem of difference management in the UK; and how a hybrid Muslim family law is being forged in the UK legal system.
09:30 Welcome by Engin Isin (Social Sciences) and Tim Blackman (Pro Vice-Chancellor, The Open University)
10:00 Engin Isin Why Citizenship after Orientalism?
10:30 Session 1: Feminist Legacies and Challenges to Orientalism
Chair: Darren Langdridge
Alessandra Marino - Performing Citizenship: Acts of writing
Tara Atluri - Haunted Citizens: Of Ghosts, Gang Rapes and Bureaucratic Fictions
Leticia Sabsay - Abject Choices? Orientalism, Citizenship and Autonomy
11:50 Q&A on Session 1
14:00 Session 2: Decolonizing the Lineages of Citizenship
Chair: Raia Prokhovnik
Aya Ikegame – Overlapping Sovereignties: Gurus and Citizenship
Deena Dajani – Foolish Citizens
Jack Harrington – The Imperial Citizen: British India and French Algeria
15:30 Q&A on Session 2
16:30 Introduction to ‘In Conversation’ by Kevin Hetherington (Dean, Faculty of Social Science)
John Clarke (OU) In Conversation with Samia Bano (SOAS), Humeira Iqtidar (King’s College) and Gada Mahrouse (Concordia University)
Closing remarks by Engin Isin
To register for this conference please email: Oecumenefirstname.lastname@example.org
Please note that attendance at the conference is free.
Select from replays below: